Associative Memory-Based Reasoning: Some Experimental Results

Kokinov, B. (1990). Associative memory-based reasoning: Some experimental results. In Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 741-749). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.


Deduction, induction, and analogy are considered as slightly different manifestations of one and the same reasoning process. A model of this reasoning process called associative memory-based reasoning is proposed. A computer simulation demonstrates that deduction, induction, and analogy in problem solving could be performed by a single mechanism which combines the neural network approach with symbol level processing. Psychological experiments on priming effects in problem solving tasks have been carried out in order to test the hypothesis about the uniformity of human reasoning. In particular it has been shown that there are priming effects in all three cases (deduction, induction, and analogy) and these priming effect decrease in the course of time which corresponds to the model's predictions based on the retrieval mechanism. A computer simulation demonstrates the same type of priming effects as observed in the psychological experiments.

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