This workshop is
intended to stimulate the researchers in the field of analogy to cooperate more
intensively and to integrate various approaches and data in their study. Its
aim is to advance our understanding of the cognitive mechanisms of analogy-making,
i.e. how people notice/perceive analogies, how they retrieve analogs from memory
or how they construct them, how they map and transfer knowledge from one domain
to another, how they combine knowledge from multiple analogs or how they combine
analogy with rule-based reasoning, how they generalize and learn from the analogies
made, how they use analogies for problem solving, explanation, argumentation,
creation. What is the place of analogy among the various cognitive processes,
such as perception, thinking, memory, learning, etc. What is the role of analogy
in human development? Which are the brain structures involved in analogy-making
processes? What kind of deficits do brain-damaged patients exhibit?
This workshop will
be highly interdisciplinary and will make a serious attempt to integrate the
knowledge researchers have accumulated on analogy-making in various domains:
Artificial Intelligence/Computational Modeling, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental
Psychology, Neuropsychology, Philosophy, Cognitive Linguistics, as well as various
applications in Education, Legal and Political Reasoning, etc. A serious attempt
will be made to integrate all the positive results obtained so far in theories
of analogy-making, computational modeling, and experimental work.
The workshop participants
will participate in numerous formal and informal discussions which we hope will
lead to systematization of the knowledge in the field, formulating established
facts, open issues, and ideas for new approaches.
Hofstadter (Indiana University, USA): Analogy as the Core
Fauconnier (UCSD, USA): Analogy and Conceptual Integration
Hampton (City Univ. London, UK): The role of similarity
in how we categorize the world
Carbonell (CMU, USA): Analogy in Problem Solving, from the
Routine to the Creative
Forbus (Northwestern University, USA): Qualitative Mental
Models: Simulations or Memories?
K. R. Thompson (Franklin and Marshall College, USA): Analogical
problem-solving by chimpanzees.
Thagard (U. of Waterloo, Canada): Emotional Analogies
Goswami (U. College London, UK): Analogical Reasoning in
Keane (Trinity College, Ireland): Why Conceptual Combination
is Seldom Analogy
Biela (Catholic University of Lublin, Poland): Analogical
Reasoning as a Base for Structuring Cognitive Schemata in New Situations:
A Case of Economic Transformation in Post-Communist Countries
Gentner (NWU, USA): Comparison and Cognition
Holyoak (UCLA, USA): The Place of Analogy in a Physical
Kokinov (NBU, Bulgaria): Analogy is like Cognition: Complex,
- Ron Ferguson & Kenneth
Forbus (Northwestern University, USA) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Telling Juxtapositions: Using Repetition and Alignable Difference
in Diagram Understanding"
Markman (University of Texas, USA) & Adalis Sanchez
(Columbia University, USA) email@example.com:
"Structure and pragmatics in analogical inference"
- John Hummel & Keith Holyoak
(UCLA, USA) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"A Model of Human Transitive Inference"
- Charles Wharton, Jordan Grafman,
et. al. (National Institutes of Health, USA) email@example.com"The
Neuroanatomy of Analogical Reasoning"
- James Marshall & Douglas
Hofstadter (Indiana University, USA) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"A Self-Watching Architecture for Analogy-Making and High-Level Perception"
- Brian Bowdle (Indiana
University, USA) email@example.com:
"Alignment and Abstraction in Metaphor"
- Roger Thompson (Franklin
& Marshall College, USA) & David Oden firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Why monkeys and pigeons, unlike certain apes, cannot reason analogically."
- Thomas Ward (Texas
A&M University, USA) email@example.com:
"Analogical Distance and Purpose in Creative Thought: Mental Leaps
versus Mental Hops."
- Cameron Shelley (U.
of Waterloo, Canada) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Multiple analogies in evolutionary biology"
- Dan Hunter (Emmanuel
College, UK) & Bipin Indurkhya (Tokyo University of Agriculture
and Technology, Japan) email@example.com:
"'Don't think, but look!': A gestalt interactionist approach to legal
- Hiroaki Suzuki (Aoyama
Gakuin University, Japan) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Justification of Analogy by Abstraction"
- Tony Plate (Victoria
U of Wellington, New Zealand) Tony.Plate@MCS.VUW.AC.NZ:
"Structured Operations with Distributed Vector Representations"
- Pentti Kanerva (SICS,
Sweden) email@example.com: "The
Dual Role of Analogy in the Design of a Cognitive System"
- John A Barnden (University
of Birmingham, UK) J.A.Barnden@cs.bham.ac.uk:
"Concerning the Role of Analogy in Metaphor Processing"
- Michael Ramscar (University
of Edinburgh, UK) & Ulrike Hahn (Univ. of Warwick, UK)
and the ontological status of analogy"
- Bruce Burns (U. of
Potsdam, Germany) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Pragmatic Effects on Speed of Analogical Problem Solving"
- Merideth Gattis (Max-Planck
Institute of Psychological Research in Munich,Germany) email@example.com:
"Mapping conceptual and spatial schemas"
- Erica Melis (Univ.
of Saarland, Germany) & Jaime Carbonell (CMU. USA) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"An argument for Derivational Analogy"
- Maciej Haman (University
of Warsaw, Poland) MEH@sci.psych.uw.edu.pl:
"Metaphor: Shared Experience Structure or Cross-Domain Analogy?"
- Tony Veale (Dublin
City University, Ireland) and Mark Keane (Univ. College Dublin,
"Principle Differences in Structure Mapping: The Contribution of Non-Classical
- Mary Jo Rattermann (Franklin
& Marshall College, USA) & Dedre Gentner (NWU, USA)
Effect of Language on Similarity: The Use of Relational Labels Improves Young
Children's Performance in a Mapping Task"
- Jim Herriot (Sun, USA)
- Alexander Petrov & Boicho
Kokinov (New Bulgarian University, Bulgaria) "Influence
of Mapping on Retrieval: A Simulation Experiment with AMBR"
- Nathalie Bonnardel (Universite
de Provence, France) email@example.com:
"Analogies in design activities: A study of the evocation of intra-
and interdomain sources"
- Barbara Tversky (Stanford
University, USA) firstname.lastname@example.org: "Depictive
- Lera Boroditsky (Stanford
University, USA) email@example.com:"Evidence
for Metaphoric Representation: Understanding Time."
- Sandra Bruno (CNRS,
Universite Paris, France) firstname.lastname@example.org,
:"Analogical construction of a system simulation: a case study"
- Julie McCredden (University
of Queensland, Australia) email@example.com:"NetAB:
A Neural Network Model of Analogy by Discovery"
- Evelyne Cauzinille-Marmeche
& Andre Didierjean (CNRS, Universite de Provence, France) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Reasoning by analogy and memory for cases in the game of chess"
- Emmanuel Sander & Jean
Richard (University of Paris 8, France) email@example.com:
"Analogy-Making as a Categorization and an Abstraction Process"
- Mireille Bastien & Blaye,
Cayol (CNRS, Universite de Provence, France) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Analogical Problem Solving in Preschool Children"
- Nili Mandelblit (LIMSI, CNRS,
"Analogy Underlies Sentence Generation and Interpretation
- Ross Gayler (University
of Melbourne, Australia) email@example.com:
"Connections, Binding, Unification and analogical Promiscuity"
- Antonie Cornuejols & Jacques
Ales-Bianchetti (Universite de Paris-Sud, France) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Analogy and Induction: which (missing) link"
- Bruno Vivicorsi (CNRS,
Universite de Provence, France) email@example.com:
"The Copsycat Project: Towards A Conceptual Fluidity Theory"
- David Cayol (CNRS,
Universite de Provence, France) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Reasoning by Analogy: Representation of Pragmatic Information from
Target Knowedge Influences Mapping"
- Ken Kurtz (Northwestern
University, USA) email@example.com: "The
Mechanisms of Mapping: Evidence from On-line Analogy Judgments"
- Kelly Mix (Indiana
University, USA) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Development of Numerical Equivalence Judgments: Appearance Count"
- Emmanuel Sander and Evelyne
Clement (University of Paris 8, France) email@example.com:
"An experimental paradigm to study spontaneous analogies involved
in problem solving situations"
- Ross Gayler (University
of Melbourne, Australia) firstname.lastname@example.org:
"Multiplicative Binding, Representation Operators, and Analogy"
- Ute Schmid (TU Berlin,
"Adaptation of Non-Isomorphic Sources in Analogical Problem Solving"
- Jamie Carnie email@example.com:
"Analogical Generalism: An analogical perspective on the evolution
- Ron Cottam, Willy Ranson &
Roger Vounckx (University of Brussels, Belgium): "AQuARIUM:
A Hierarchically-Supported Mono-Symbolic Language for Analogic Integration"
- Andre Didierjean, Evelyne
Cauzinille-Marmeche (Univ. of Paris V): "Learning from
Examples: Case-Based Reasoning in Chess for Novices"
- Elena Andonova (New
Bulgarian University, Bulgaria): "Metaphors in Mind and Discourse"
- Doris Johnson (U. of
Columbia, USA): "The effects of a training program on the analogical
reasoning abilities of an elementary school-aged sample"
- Full proceedings of the Workshop
have been published by the NBU Press:
- Holyoak, K., Gentner, D.,
& Kokinov, B. (Eds.) (1998). Advances in analogy research: Integration
of theory and data from the cognitive, computational, and neural sciences.
Sofia: NBU Press.
- MIT Press is preparing a volume
consisting of selected and extended papers from the Analogy Workshop '98,
soon to be published:
- Gentner D., Holyoak K., Kokinov
B. (eds.) (2000). Analogy: Interdisciplinary Perspectives.
Gentner (Northwestern Univ., USA), firstname.lastname@example.org
Keith Holyoak (Univ. of California at Los Angeles, USA), email@example.com
edu - Co-Director
Boicho Kokinov (New Bunlgarian
Univ., Bulgaria), firstname.lastname@example.org
edu - Co-Director
French (Univ. of Liege, Belgium), email@example.com
Erica Melis (Univ. of Saarland, Germany), firstname.lastname@example.org
We wish to thank the following for
their contribution to the success of this workshop:
Cognitive Science Society - USA Fulbright Commission - Sofia MIT Press - USA
United States Air Force European Office of Aerospace Research and Development.
List of Participants: