Brain Mechanisms of Emotion-Cognition Interaction

Luiz Pessoa

Department of Psychology
University of Maryland, USA

The course will explore fundamental questions concerning the brain bases of emotion and cognition, their interactions, and integration.

Lecture 1. Introduction

Required readings:
  1. Dalgleish, T., Dunn, B. D., &Mobbs, D. (2009). Affective neuroscience: Past, present, and future. Emotion Review, 1(4), 355-368.
  2. LeDoux, J. (1996). Chapter4, The Emotional Brain, Simon & Schuster.
  3. Pessoa, L. (2008). On the relationship between emotion and cognition. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 9(2), 148-158.
Supplementary readings:
  1. Phelps, E. A., &LeDoux, J. E. (2005). Contributions of the amygdala to emotion processing: from animal models to human behavior. Neuron, 48(2), 175.
  2. Chapter 13 (pp. 537-576) in Cognitive Neuroscience, M.S. Gazzaniga, R.B. Ivry, and G.R Mangun, second edition, W.W. Norton & Company.  Part 1  Part 2 
  3. LeDoux, J. (1996). Chapters 2-3, The Emotional Brain, Simon & Schuster.  Chapter 2  Chapter 3 
  4. Oatley, K., Keltner, D. and Jenkins, J.M. (2006).Understanding Emotions.Chapters 6 and 10.  Chapter 6  Chapter 10 
  5. Damasio, A.R. (1994). Pages 165-201, Descartes' Error. G.P. Putnam's Sons.

Lecture 2. Affective Vision

Required readings:
  1. Pourtois, G., Schettino, A., &Vuilleumier, P. (2012). Brain mechanisms for emotional influences on perception and attention: what is magic and what is not. Biological psychology.
  2. Pessoa, L. (2005). To what extent are emotional visual stimuli processed without attention and awareness?. Current opinion in neurobiology, 15(2), 188-196.
Data papers (at least one of the two):
  1. Lim, S. L., Padmala, S., & Pessoa, L. (2009). Segregating the significant from the mundane on a moment-to-moment basis via direct and indirect amygdala contributions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(39), 16841-16846.
  2. Vuilleumier, P., Armony, J. L., Driver, J., & Dolan, R. J. (2001). Effects of attention and emotion on face processing in the human brain: an event-related fMRI study. NEURON, 30(3), 829-841.

Lecture 3. Emotion and Cognition

Required readings:
  1. Pessoa, L. (2013). Chapter 5 of The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: from Interactions to Integration, MIT Press.
  2. Pessoa, L. (2009). How do emotion and motivation direct executive control? Trends in cognitive sciences, 13(4), 160-166.
Data paper:
  1. Dolcos, F., & McCarthy, G. (2006).Brain systems mediating cognitive interference by emotional distraction. The Journal of Neuroscience, 26(7), 2072-2079.
Supplementary readings:
  1. Dolcos, F., Iordan, A. D., &Dolcos, S. (2011). Neural correlates of emotion-cognition interactions: A review of evidence from brain imaging investigations.Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23(6), 669-694.
  2. Ochsner, K. N., Silvers, J. A., &Buhle, J. T. (2012). Functional imaging studies of emotion regulation: a synthetic review and evolving model of the cognitive control of emotion. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1251(1), E1-E24.

Lecture 4. Motivation and Cognition

Required readings:
  1. Chiew, K. S., & Braver, T. S. (2011). Positive affect versus reward: emotional and motivational influences on cognitive control. Frontiers in psychology, 2.
  2. Aarts, E., van Holstein, M., & Cools, R. (2011). Striatal dopamine and the interface between motivation and cognition. Frontiers in psychology, 2.
Data papers:
  1. Padmala, S., & Pessoa, L. (2011). Reward reduces conflict by enhancing attentional control and biasing visual cortical processing. Journal of cognitive neuroscience, 23(11), 3419-3432.
  2. Peck, C. J., Jangraw, D. C., Suzuki, M., Efem, R., & Gottlieb, J. (2009). Reward modulates attention independently of action value in posterior parietal cortex. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(36), 11182-11191.

Lecture 5. Brain Networks

Required readings:
  1. Pessoa, L. (2013). Chapter 8 of The Cognitive-Emotional Brain: from Interactions to Integration, MIT Press.
  2. Bullmore, E., & Sporns, O. (2009). Complex brain networks: graph theoretical analysis of structural and functional systems. Nature Reviews Neuroscience,10(3), 186-198.
  3. Anderson, M. L., Kinnison, J., & Pessoa, L. (2013).Describing functional diversity of brain regions and brain networks. NeuroImage.
Data papers:
  1. Hagmann, P., Cammoun, L., Gigandet, X., Meuli, R., Honey, C. J., Wedeen, V. J., & Sporns, O. (2008). Mapping the structural core of human cerebral cortex.PLoS biology, 6(7), e159.
  2. Kinnison, J., Padmala, S., Choi, J. M., & Pessoa, L. (2012). Network analysis reveals increased integration during emotional and motivational processing. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32(24), 8361-8372.

Small group sessions
In the afternoon, small groups will discuss data papers, except the first day when we will have a general discussion.

Students who take the course for credit will be asked to write a brief (4 page) paper that provides a critical review of one or more of the articles presented in class, or to comment on other work that is related to the issues discussed in the class.